If you are on the lookout for a lovely bird that can enliven your home, consider Estrildid finches. These colorful birds are native to Africa, Asia, and Australia and have gained popularity as pets due to their compact size and captivating beauty. With their lively nature and soothing chirping sounds, these finches are a treat to watch and listen to.

Their Appearance

Estrildid finches come in various bold colors, from bright orange to iridescent blue. Their plumage is marked with intricate patterns, and males are often more colorful than females. These birds have a small yet robust build that makes them highly acrobatic. Their keen eyesight and agility allow them to walk and hop around their cage or aviary with ease. They make a beautiful sight as they spread their wings or fluff their feathers.

Their Personality

Unlike some other pet birds, Estrildid finches are not demanding or loud. They are sociable, peaceful, and charming. These birds can thrive both in a pair or in a small flock. They are affectionate towards their mates and like to perch close to each other. You can also train them to interact with you by offering treats or toys. However, be prepared to give them enough time and attention, as they can develop separation anxiety if left alone for too long.

Their Diet and Care

Estrildid finches are not picky when it comes to food. They enjoy a mix of seeds, fresh fruits, and veggies, and may occasionally munch on insects. You can provide them with a high-quality commercial finch mix and supplement it with small quantities of egg food or millet sprays. They also need fresh water and grit to aid their digestion. Ensure that their cage or aviary has enough space to fly and exercise, and clean it regularly to prevent bacteria buildup.

Their Breeding Habits

If you plan to breed Estrildid finches, you should provide them with a nesting box or basket. These birds usually breed in pairs, and the male courts the female with song and dance. Once they mate, the female will lay a clutch of eggs, which hatch after 12 to 14 days. The chicks are tiny and naked at first, but they grow rapidly, and both parents feed them. Estrildid finches can breed several times a year, and the chicks reach maturity in about two to three months.

Their Health and Lifespan

When kept in a suitable environment and given adequate nutrition, Estrildid finches are generally robust and free from diseases. However, some health issues that can affect them include feather mites, lice, and respiratory infections. Regular vet checkups and preventative measures can keep these problems at bay. These birds have a lifespan of around 5 to 8 years, but with good care, they can live up to 10 years.


Estrildid finches are an excellent choice for a pet bird. They have a pleasing personality, fascinating appearance, and manageable size. As with any pet, you should invest time and effort to ensure that they are healthy and happy. Before bringing Estrildid finches into your home, research their requirements and talk to a reputable breeder or vet.

With the right care, these birds can bring joy and beauty to your life for years to come.